The name is derived from Ohio’s nickname of “Buckeye State.” The breed was developed in Ohio and first shown in 1902. Recognized by the American Standard of perfection in 1904, it is a dual purpose chicken that lays brown eggs. They are unique in that they are the only breed of chickens created entirely by a woman, Nettie Metcalf of Warren Ohio. Buckeyes body shape is also unique: slanted, short but broad back, very meaty thighs, powerful wings and breast. They are a very active and noted for their vigilant pursuit of mice, some compare them to cats due to this ability. The males produce a range of sounds including a dinosaur-like roar. They have little fear of humans and are possibly too friendly.