The Pharaoh Coturnix quail are mature after 6 weeks of age and are full grown at 10 weeks of age. Males have a reddish tint on the breast, while the hens have a grey-mottled breast. The Pharaoh Coturnix quail are very popular in Europe and Asia and are very hardy and do very well released in America. The males start to crow at about 5-6 wks of age and hens start laying at 7 wks. They are very easy to keep but need to be kept in cages above the ground. Pharaoh Coturnix like to take dust baths in hot weather. Dressed weight at maturity is 4 -4.4 ounces.
The eggs are high in protein, contain good cholesterol, and have a high concentration of minerals and vitamins. Comparing quail eggs to chicken egg, one quail egg contains six times more vitamin B1, and 15 times more vitamin B2. The quail eggs also contain iron, folate, pantotheric acid, phosphorus, riboflavin and selenium.
The early Egyptians and Chinese used the quail eggs to treat many health problems. Since 1967 they’ve been used to treat asthma, impotence and numerous allergies.
The Coturnix quail eggs have also proven to be very beneficial in fighting more than 300 diseases. A protein component in the eggs is extracted to make vaccines.
To add the quail eggs to your own healthy diet, you can prepare the eggs in ways that you prefer. The best healthy use is to eat them raw. Be sure to wash them first in boiling water. Quail eggs do not contain salmonella, as chicken eggs sometimes might, because of the increased amount of lysozyme which kills bacteria. The raw eggs contribute to stomach health. You can add one or two raw eggs to a protein shake, a smoothie or juice.